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Lighthouses On The Isle Of Wight

Lighthouses on the Isle of Wight are main landmarks here on the island. It is a perfect location for lighthouse fans to visit. Beneath you will note data regarding the lighthouses on the Isle of Wight.

NEEDLES LIGHTHOUSE
Set in the western approaches to the Isle of Wight, the Needles form a slender chalky peninsula which rises from jagged rocks to 120m cliffs. These rocks have all the time been a hazard to ships making their manner up the Solent to Portsmouth and Southampton Water.

In 1781 merchants and shipowners petitioned Trinity House for a lighthouse. They obtained a patent in January 1782 which directed that lights should be kept burning in the nightseason whereby seafaring men and mariners may take notice and keep away from danger….. and ships and other vessels of conflict may safely cruise in the course of the night season in the British Channel.

Negotiations should have failed because it was not until 1785 that Trinity House erected to the designs of R. Jupp, for 30 years surveyor to the East India Company, three lighthouses at the Needles, St. Catherine’s Level and Hurst Point. The Needles tower was lighted on the twenty ninth September 1786. Because the tower was situated on high of a cliff overhanging Scratchell’s Bay, the light which was 144m above sea level was typically obscured by sea mists and fog and was due to this fact of restricted use to mariners.

In 1859 Trinity House planned a new lighthouse to be constructed on the outermost of the chalk rocks near sea degree. It was designed by James Walker and cost £20,000. The circular granite tower has perpendicular sides and is 33.25m high, of uniform diameter with an unevenly stepped base to break the waves and discourage sea sweeping up the tower. The wall varies from 1.07m in thickness on the entrance, to zero.61m at the highest. Much of the base rock was lower away to kind the inspiration and cellars and storehouses were excavated in the chalk.

The light at the Needles has two white, two red and one green sector, with one of the crimson sectors intensified, these are set out as follows:

• Crimson intensified sector shore to 300 marks the St Anthony Rocks
• White sector 300 to 083 marks the method to the Needles Channel from the west
• Red sector 083 to 212 marks the Shingles Bank
• White sector 212 to 217 marks the course by the Needles Channel
• Green sector 217 to 224 marks a protected channel previous the Hatherwood Rocks and the Warden Ledge

A helipad was constructed on high of the Needles Lighthouse in 1987.
The Needles Lighthouse was automated in 1994, the keepers left the lighthouse for the last time on 8th December. Needles was the last Trinity House lighthouse powered by 100V DC electricity from it’s own generators; to enable the automation to be carried out mains power has been equipped by way of a subsea cable from the Needles Battery, which gives 240V AC power for the new equipment.

The original optic with it’s arrangements of green and red glass giving the different coloured sectors of light remained after automation but a new three position lampchanger was installed with two 1500W 240V fundamental lamps and a 24V battery powered emergency lamp.

The supertyphon air driven fog signal was replaced by two Honeywell ELG 500 Hz directional fog signals controlled by means of a fog detector. The emitter stacks were mounted at gallery degree outside the helideck structure.

The Needles is monitored and controlled by way of a cellphone telemetry link from the Trinity House Operations Control Centre at Harwich, Essex.

Established : 1786
Height Of Tower: 31 Metres
Height Of Light Above Mean High Water: 24 Metres
Automated: 1994
Lamp: 1500W 240V
Optic: 2nd Order 700Mm Fastened Lens
Character: White, Crimson And Green Group Occurring Twice Every 20 Seconds (Light 14 Seconds, Eclipse 2 Seconds, Light 2 Seconds, Eclipse 2 Seconds)
Intensity: Red (Intensified) 3,950 Candela, White 12,300 Candela, Red 1,800 Candela, Green 2,680 Candela
Range Of Gentle: Crimson (Intensified) 17 Sea Miles, White 17 Sea Miles, Crimson 14 Sea Miles, Inexperienced 14 Sea Miles
Fog Signal Character: Sounding Twice Each 30 Seconds

ST CATHERINE’S LIGHTHOUSE
St Catherine’s Lighthouse is situated at Niton Undercliffe, 5 miles from Ventnor on the Isle of Wight and comprises a white octagonal tower with 94 steps up to the lantern. The main gentle, seen for up to 30 nautical miles in clear weather is the third most highly effective gentle within the Trinity House Service giving a guide to shipping in the Channel as well as vessels approaching the Solent.

There is a fixed red subsidiary light displayed from a window 7 metres beneath the primary gentle and shown westward over the Atherfield Ledge. It is visible for 17 miles in clear weather, and was first exhibited in 1904. Both lights are electric, and standby battery lights are provided in case of a power failure.

A small light was first set up at St. Catherine’s in about 1323 by Walter de Godyton. He erected a chapel and added an endowment for a priest to say Lots for his household and to exhibit lights at evening to warn ships from approaching too close to this harmful coast, each purposes being fulfilled until about 1530 when the Reformation swept away the endowment. Neither the present lighthouse tower lighted in March 1840, nor the chapel of which the ruins remain, held these ancient lights. The present tower was constructed in 1838 following the loss of the sailing ship CLARENDON on rocks near the site of the present lighthouse. The lighthouse was built of ashlar stone with dressed quoins and was carried up from a base plinth as a 3 tier octagon, diminishing by stages. The elevation of the light proved to be too high, as the lantern continuously grew to become mist capped and in 1875 it was decided to lower the light 13 metres by taking about 6 metres out of the uppermost section of the tower and about 7 metres out of the middle tier, which destroyed its beauty and made it appear dwarfed.

At that time the fog signal house was situated near the edge of the cliff but owing to erosion and cliff settlements the building developed such critical cracks that in 1932 it became mandatory to find a new place for the fog signal, which was eventually mounted on a lower tower annexed to the front of the lighthouse tower, and constructed as a small replica. The resultant effect has been to provide a well proportioned step down between the two towers which are now expressively referred to by the local inhabitants as “The Cow and the Calf”. The fog signal was discontinued in 1987.

A tragic incident befell at the station throughout the Second World War. On the 1st June 1943 a bombing raid destroyed the engine house killing the three keepers on responsibility who had taken shelter in the building. R.T. Grenfell, C. Tomkins and W.E. Jones were buried in the local cemetery at Niton village and a plaque in remembrance of them is displayed on the bottom floor of the principle tower.

St Catherine’s Lighthouse was automated in 1997 with the keepers leaving the lighthouse on 30 July.

The lighthouse had been a weather reporting station for the Meteorological Office for some years;the keepers made hourly reports which included the temperature, humidity, cloud height and formation and wind course and force. Following demanning of the lighthouse an computerized weather reporting station was put in which sends particulars of the weather situations to the Met. Office.

The lighthouse itself is now monitored and controlled from the Trinity House Operations Control Centre at Harwich in Essex.

Specifications:
Established: 1323
Height Of Tower: 27 Metres
Height Of Mild Above Mean Excessive Water: 41 Metres
Automated: 30 July 1997
Lamp: 2 X 400 W Mbi Lamp
Optic: 2nd Order 4 Panel Catadioptric
Character: One White Flash Every 5 Seconds
Intensity: 927,000 Candela
Range Of Light: 26 Sea Miles

EGYPT Point (This light is just not operational)
Photo: Steven Winter

Location: Cowes
Tower Top: 25 ft.
Description of Tower: Purple post with white lantern, on spherical white base.
Date Established: 1897
Date Current Tower Built: 1897
Date Deactivated: 1989

THE NAB TOWER
This curious trying object a couple of miles to the South East of Bembridge started life during the first World Battle as part of an anti-submarine defence system. During 1916 the British Admiralty, alarmed by the losses of allied merchant delivery to German U-boats designed 4 or six towers that had been to be constructed and positioned within the Straits of Dover. They can be linked along with steel nets and armed with two 4″ guns. However when the Armistice was signed in 1918 only one of the planned towers was anywhere near completion. The others had been dismantled, however what was to be completed with this 92 foot tall metallic cylinder (costing one million pounds sterling, in those days), sitting on its raft of concrete

Until the end of the first World War the dangerous Nab Rock had been marked by a lightship, and it was decided to exchange this with a hard and fast lighthouse. The brand new lighthouse was floated into place and the concrete raft (189ft lengthy, by 150ft extensive, by 80ft deep) flooded so the tower could sit on a shingle bank near the Nab Rock.

As can be seen from the photograph the tower took up a distinct angle (3 degrees from the vertical towards the Northeast) when it settled. The lighthouse used to be manned by a crew of four, but in common with all Britain’s lighthouses it is now unmanned and is fully automated.

During WWII the Nab was armed with two 40mm Bofors Guns and was credited with shooting down 3½ enemy aircraft (the half was shared with a passing ship).

Garment-Dyed Cargo Shorts the stone roses spike island In Navy GreenThe tower nonetheless supplies a welcoming sight to seafarers returning to the Solent at the top of their voyage. In November 1999 the Nab was hit by a freighter, the Dole-America, carrying a cargo of bananas and pineapples. The ship was badly damaged and only avoided sinking by being run-aground. The base of the tower suffered solely superficial injury.

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