New Study Reveals The Secrets Of Easter Island
Easter Island is one of the mysterious places on Earth, largely due to the unusual artwork left behind by its historical inhabitants. This distant Chilean island in southeastern Pacific Ocean is residence to 887 monumental stone statues or Moai, created by the Polynesian Rapa Nui people who used to live there.
The questions about the statues have all the time abounded – why do they all look like giant heads, what do they mean, and what happened to the people who made them.
Another mystery – how were the monoliths moved up to 11 miles from the quarry the place they had been carved, seemingly with out utilizing wheels or bigger animals.
Over time, scientists have proposed some explanatinos for the unknowns.
The statues, carved from volcanic rock between 1000 and 1680 Ad, seem to be honoring Rapa Nui ancestors, watching over their activities as they are turned away from the sea and towards the villages.
Interestingly, while they are popularly identified as gigantic heads, the statues actually have our bodies. Most of their torsos end up at the top of the thighs, while some are full kneeling figures.
A native man, with his face painted as the old Polynesian Matamua warriors, throws a spear during the normal Tapati festival of the Rapanu folklore, Easter Island, Chile, three February 2005. (Photo stone island zip overshirt credit score: MARTIN BERNETTI/AFP/Getty Photos)
As far as how the statues had been moved, it was presumably accomplished by utilizing special sledge devices or attaching ropes and walking them to their destinations by rocking and pulling.
Now a new examine contributes a twist to our understanding of the Rapa Nui – the people who left us these immense reminders of their time on Earth. Stone They were commonly viewed as having a warrior culture, but an analysis of the large cylindrical stone hats, generally known as pukao, which high a few of the statues, showed that the Rapa Nui had as a substitute a supportive and inclusive community.
Professor Carl Lipo from Binghamton University and a team of researchers looked at 70 multi-ton hats strewn around the island. They used photography and 3D computer models to discover that the hats had many more drawings or “petroglyphs” than previously observed.
“The range of the petroglyphs challenges that these were symbols of warfare between groups,” said Lipo to Newsweek. Actually, the findings exhibit “quite a bit of diversity in the petroglyphs of the pukao—more so than have been traditionally noted given that we documented all the pukao surfaces.”
Pukao are large, cylindrical stones made from a volcanic rock known as ‘red scoria.’ Credit: Carl Lipo.
What the drawings also reveal is that there was clearly a sense of cooperation and community that was fostered among the Rapa Nui, in accordance with Lipo.
“These monuments characterize the result of communities working together and clearly had tremendous positive value,” Lipo explained. “As we’ve learned more about the nature of the resources on the island which are needed for community survival, we see that sharing and cooperation was a key factor …
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