Pearl Diving In the Gulf Of Arabia
For hundreds of years, pearls originating from the Arabian Gulf have been recognized as one of the worlds’ most interesting gemstones. Stone Island Accessories In the mid 1800’s, the lion’s share of the inhabitants surrounding the Arabian Gulf had been in some way linked to the local pearl business. The core of the Gulf’s pearl industry was located on the island of Bahrain: “Gulf fisheries employ about 3,500 boats, large and small, of which 1,200 of the very best are owned at Bahrain…” (The E book of the Pearl: G.F. Kunz 1908). A typical crew on a Bahrainian boat, often called a ‘Dhow’ or ‘Sambuk,’ that fished for pearl oysters included:
o The ‘Nokhadha’ (Captain): The captain was usually the owner of the boat, an expert fisherman with knowledge of all waters and one of the best pearling banks.
o The ‘Al-Mejaddimi’ (Second-In-Command): Accountable for sustaining the captain’s rule.
o The ‘Al-Musally’ (Prayer Chief): A religious figure, similar to a chaplain in the army.
o The ‘Nahham’ (Singer): Accountable for singing pearling songs and chants to keep the crew’s spirits up and to convey luck.
o The ‘Saib’ (Diver’s High-Man): Performing a essential job, they stayed high-aspect monitoring the lifeline attached between boat and diver.
o The ‘Tabbabah’ (Apprentice): Deck hands who performed all manner of tasks at other crew member’s behest.
o The ‘Ghawwas’ (pearl diver).
The life of a Bahranian pearl diver was harsh. Even earlier than leaving stone island t shirts sale house for the pearling season between April and September, most pearl divers had been already in debt; compelled to borrow money from their captains to ensure their families survival while they were away diving. Even if their dives were fruitful and the harvest high, thus effacing their debts, the diver’s still had to weather the following six months until the diving season started again. The complete crew’s existence on board was frugal to say the least; living off a eating regimen of dates, fish, rice and coffee. Nevertheless, it was the divers who suffered most; apart from overexertion and malnourishment, they faced the day by day menace of shark attack, and long-term neural diseases caused by insufficient supplies of oxygen to the brain during prolonged submergences.
The diving methods employed on these boats had remained rudimentary, unchanged since diving for pearls had first started. Once moored off the oyster beds, every little thing revolved around the ‘Ghawwas’ and their ‘Saib.’ A ‘Saib’ literally held the diver’s life in his hands, for if he did not pull the diver up fast enough, the diver would drown. The ‘Ghawwas’ dove in 15 minute shifts, and in that time made a minimum of 8 visits to the sea bed thirty to forty feet down. They sank to bottom helped by a rope weighted with a stone, wearing a nose clip called a ‘Fetatn,’ leather gloves called a ‘Khabat’ to protect in opposition to sharp coral and a ‘Dayyeen’ internet basket hung around their neck. After the divers resurfaced the oysters had been piled on deck, left to dry out and opened; whether or not or not the oysters contained pearls was a matter of pure probability. As much as a whole week, and hundreds of oysters, could pass by the crew’s hands and not using a single pearl being found. Then again, a couple of hours of diving could result within the mom-load. However and whenever they got here to the surface the pearls, called ‘Lulu,’ always ended up in the captain’s crimson cloth pouch.
The captain would cash in his pearl harvest with the local ‘Tawwash,’ or pearl dealer, who would go to the boat to buy the pearls after which resell onto bigger merchants. Once the captain had received the money, he paid every crew member in accordance with their hierarchy, the largest share going to the captain and the boat. Arabian dialects used around the Gulf number quite a lot of words for stone island t shirts sale pearl: ‘Lulu’, ‘Dana’, ‘Hussah’, ‘Gumashah.’ Then there are the names to describe a pearl’s shape and color: ‘Sujani’, pear-shaped drop; ‘Khaizi,’ high domed upper half with a half rounded bottom; ‘Adasi,’ rounded cylinder with flat sides and ‘Majhoolah,’ a large ugly pearl that can conceal a finer pearl inside. Extraordinary experience and tolerance was needed to take away the skinny layers of a ‘Majhoolah:’ a course of that would take weeks. Of all of the pearls that a crew hoped to see was the ‘Jiwan,’ that means young, which was the proper rose-tinted white, round pearl with pure luster. Gulf pearls were, and still are to at the present time, sorted and graded utilizing a sequence of sieves called ‘Gurbaai.’ Pearls are weighed using an historical complicated unit of weight called a ‘Chow,’ one carat equals 0.6518 ‘Chow.’
The shopping for of pearls typically revolved round a system of silent bidding, the place a seller who does not need others current to know what value he’s providing, will cover his and his consumer’s clasped arms with a cloth indicating the quantity with a system of finger indicators. From Bahrain, the pearls have been offered to Indian merchants, who despatched them to Bombay to be drilled by hand. From there the pearls had been bought to Europeans, whose thirst for Arabian Gulf pearls was unquenchable.