The Rise And Fall Of Easter Island’s Tradition
The large stone statues of Easter Island, referred to as moai, have introduced the island reknown and have fascinated scores of scholars, travellers and artists. Their distinctive stone faces seem locked in silence; Sentinels in Stone that convey each energy and tragedy. When and the way have been they carved Why had been these monumental statues erected What did Stone Island Sale they symbolize Numbering nearly 1000, they are distributed over an island that measures only 15 miles by 7 miles, an island mendacity some 2400 miles off the western shores of South America.
But who had been the folks of Easter Island Where did they arrive from Simply because the statues stay silent, so too does their Rongo Rongo script which nobody can now read. All accounts of their origins can only be revealed by spoken legends. Because these remain scant, other theories have emerged, particularly those of Thor Heyerdahl who proposed that the people who built the statues had been Peruvian Incas, as a result of a similarity between Rapa Nui and Incan stonework, as is discovered at the dressed stone sea wall of an ahu at Vinapu.
Heyerdahl’s epic voyage in 1947, on the balsa-wood raft Kon Tiki, to the island of Angatau in the Tuamotu archipelago, northeast of Tahiti, many miles west of Rapa Nui, confirms the opportunity of this, though a serious flaw in the idea is the entire absence of weaving abilities on Easter Island, as effectively as the advantageous pressure-flaking of stone tools, metal work, and pottery, things the Incas excelled in.
The primary settlers of Rapa Nui found the land coated with a thick forest of big palms, just like the famous palms of Chile, the seeds of which must have floated to the island. Archaeology evidence as well as DNA studies show that the original migrants had been Polynesian, and so they navigated the western Pacific to colonize the island.
Arriving by sea-faring canoe as early as 450 years Ad, these intrepid voyagers, in all chance, arrived from the Marquesas Islands, via Mangareva, a navigational and physical feat described within living memory. The seas between Polynesia and the south-eastern end of Asia are crammed with islands, beginning with the rich island worlds of the Philippines, Indonesia and New Guinea where the seagoing canoes and deep-sea navigational skills were developed, and extending across Melanesia and Micronesia to that vast island realm so aptly named Polynesia. As populations grew, a continuous distribution of islands extending eastward encouraged, or perhaps forced, generations of canoe voyagers to sail farther and farther into the ocean by rewarding them with island after island to colonize. Conversely, the empty seas off South America offered little inducement for Inca colonisation, despite their fine sailing rafts, to cross thousands of miles of open ocean. The latest analysis of skeletal material shows a powerful link not only between the mtDNA of the Marquesas, Mangareva, and Easter Island, but also to all other Polynesians.
Moai Statue Heads
Polynesian anthropology links are also provided – the first settlers arrived with the distinctive Blue Legged Asian chickens, found in the Pacific, as effectively as the knowledge of how one can make tapa from the bark of the mulberry tree, a plant indigenous to Burma. Indeed, all Polynesians made barkcloth, their only fabric. They made rope from the hau tree.
There adopted one thousand 4 hundred years of isolation, throughout which the tradition developed and the inhabitants divided into quite a few clans that populated the assorted parts of Rapa Nui.
Thus began the culture identified with the good Moai stone statues. The rival clans or tribes quarried the volcanic cliffs of Rano Raraku’s crater on the southeast facet of the island, carving moai to adorn their shrines, known as ahu.
The cult of the moai occupied increasingly large labor forces to carve stone, move statues and build the ahu around Easter island. Rivalry among tribes intensified. In accordance with broadly accepted theories, a serious motivation was the idea of mana – a mystical mixture of energy, prestige and prosperity. In a belief system that included ancestor worship, the moai represented a clan’s most revered forebearers who were believed to bestow ‘mana’ on dwelling leaders.
Because mana was transmitted from ancestors by moai, the tribes competed to build bigger and bigger statues and altars. Making larger and more Moai became a compulsion – the whole society was dedicated to this. This stands to motive – as a result of the gods had been worshipped by these statues (which depicted ancestral power and descent) if one wanted Huge results, one made Big statues. Crop failure Solution: a bigger statue. Local uprising Solution: a bigger statue.
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