Cracker Barrel: Legacy In Stone
In essence, Stonehenge is an astronomical laptop, albeit a moderately Stone Island Sale heavy one. It little doubt also served as a sacred place of worship and celebration.
As with many historic constructions (the pyramids, the Easter Island statues, etc.) much has been written concerning Stonehenge’s origins. A few a long time ago one standard idea held that such constructions had been built by folks from outer space who came zipping into earth in space-chariots and effortlessly overcame gravity in order to move the huge blocks into place.
Because of the patient investigations of a whole lot of archeologists, we now know better. And in the actual case of Stonehenge, we know some very attention-grabbing things indeed.
For starters, it’s now clear beyond doubt that the excavating work was accomplished with picks made from deer antlers and shovels made from the shoulder blades of oxen. Sound primitive It is.
But in an experiment funded and filmed by the BBC, workmen using replicas of these early (roughly 2000 B.C.E.) tools had been capable of excavate a cubic yard of chalk (Stonehenge is constructed on a plain consisting nearly fully of chalk) in 9 hours, and when given a fashionable choose and shovel, were able to increase their production only to the point of removing the same amount in seven hours.
In the same experiment it was found that roughly 16 men are needed to move a one-ton slab of stone one mile per day, using log rollers. Because the sarsen stones average 30 tons apiece, with the biggest operating up to 50 tons (100,000 pounds), it must have taken around 800 employees to maneuver each stone, and a further 200 or so to maneuver the rollers.
Given the fact that the sarsens had been quarried some 20 miles to the north of Stonehenge, it took quite a bit of effort to get them to the site. (The bluestones, several hundred of them, were evidently imported by way of ship from Wales.)
After which, after all, the stones needed to be dressed to shape, and mortises and tenons formed to keep them from coming apart as soon as they were fitted together. Conservatively, researchers estimate that the dressing involved the removal of some 3,000,000 cubic inches of pulverized stone, at the per day work charge of fifty cubic inches per worker.
And to present us however one other motive to be thankful we reside in the period we do, stone mauls have been found at Stonehenge weighing up to 60 pounds apiece!
Putting all the components together, including the digging, the shifting and dressing and inserting of stone, the making of conceal rope for harness, the chopping of bushes for log rollers, and many others.a reasonable reckoning results in the grand total of some 1,500,000 person-days of labor. That’s days, not hours.