Hand Symbolism & Beliefs Part 2
Based on its votaries, the hand of the crucified Jesus is believed to possess occult virtues. When worn as an amulet it is said to be an all-round good-luck charm. Prayers are mentioned along side its presence on one’s person. One prayer associated with this particular amulet is as follows:
“I carry a likeness of your pierced hand as a fervent symbol of your infinite kindness. Thou who has known such suffering, reach out your hand with a blessing. Thy pierced hand inspires this humble prayer that I may call on Thee to grant me peace and happiness. Amen.”
Generally, charms in the form of arms, and in any pose–whether made from metallic, stone, or inscribed–were often carried to ward off the “Evil Eye,” or the ietattura as it is called in Southern Italy, or ain al-hasad, the “Eye of Envy,” by the Arabs. The ancient Sumerians referred to it as IG-HUL, “Eye Evil.” The Evil Eye is an ancient belief and not without any metaphysical substantiation. From the metaphysical perspective, eyes radiates power and the quality of this force is tainted by the will and character of its emanator. Like all forces, the power flowing from the eyes may bless or curse others. There are many examples of amulets with a single eye on the palm of the hand. It is believed that this attracts the Evil Eye in accord with the Legislation of Attraction and absorbs its malevolent influences.
As a way to counteract the malignant rays emanating from the eyes of adverse individuals, the Hamsa Hand, or the Hand of Fatima charm was invented by the Arabs to re-direct these individuals’ willful attention and malefic glances. Fatima was the daughter of the Prophet Muhammed and Khadijah. She was said to be a very virtuous lady, and it is believed that the charms representing her embody all of her strong virtues and would protect and produce good fortune to its bearer. The fingers of the Hand of Fatima symbolically represent the five pillars of Islam: 1) observance of the Ramadhan fast; 2) pilgrimage to Mecca; 3) alms-giving; 4) observance of the every day prayers; 5) profession of religion. The appropriate hand is used to symbolize the Hand of Fatima, for it is the hand of honor, in contradistinction to the left, which is the “unclean hand.” In most Jap cultures it is considered rude and inappropriate to offer issues with the left hand.
Like the Arabs, the historical Egyptians used a symbol called “the great Hand” for varied protecting purposes, one among which is to ward off evil magnetism. Most hand amulets appear with a single eye on the palm. There are cases of this in various cultures.
Amulets were not of value only to the dwelling, but to the “lifeless” as effectively. In historic Egypt, an amulet known as dejebaui, or “two-fingers” had been typically positioned among a mummy’s swathings to help the deceased one to ascend and experience on the boat of Ra to the afterlife. This amulet depicted the index and middle fingers and was usually made out of black basalt, green stone, or obsidian.
During the enunciation of a pledge the correct hand is commonly raised in the air. This originated in ancient customs where the raising of the hands were used to invoke the presence of the gods. Raising the correct hand whereas making a pledge is due to this fact, tantamount to saying, “In the identify of God . . .” One other version is to position the appropriate hand on a holy e book while uttering an oath. The significance is just like the above.
Within the West, many hand-indicators have been made in style with its fixed use throughout the centuries. As an illustration we have the V-sign with the index and middle finger raised while the others flexed and clasped by the thumb. This signified victory and triumph. Just like that is the Mano Cornuto, the place solely the index and little finger are raised, and the remainder folded onto the palms. This represents horns, the devil, and the powers of evil. In the Orient, though, this sign is said to have the power to ward off demons. Kuan Yin is often depicted with this mudra. The Hung Society of China makes use of it as a sign of membership and in addition to signify “Man,” who embodies both Heaven and Earth. In Italian witchcraft, the Mano Cornuto represents the crescent moon of the goddess Diana.
Another prominent hand sign is the Mano Fica, or figa, the sign of coitus where the thumb protrudes between the first and second fingers of the closed hand. It’s of historic origin The Romans and Etruscans had been effectively acquainted with this sign having made photos of it. Lika Mano Cornuto, the latter sign is a popular amulet against damaging forces. Crossing the index finger with the middle finger also has a sexual significance. It symbolizes the era of life and by association a great consequence in one’s hopeful expectations, in one’s enterprise possessing an ambiguous upshot. Another sexual gesture much more explicit is the repeated insertion and withdrawal of the forefinger of the correct hand (the phallus) into a circle formed by the thumb and index finger of the left hand (the vulva). The pose of the left hand in the above gesture is also an “O.K.” sign.
One of the old superstitions states that the sexual act brings good luck, good fortune, and prosperity. Perhaps because of its connection to fertility rites where the energy aroused and released during sexual ceremonies in open fields is believed to empower crops to grow abundantly. This belief is also one of the reasons why phallic and coital amulets were carried on one’s person. Such charms were thought to bring about fortunate circumstances to the wearer. Sexual amulets made out of metallic, bone, and wood had been extremely popular in the classical worlds of Greece and the Roman Empire.
A hand sign that is mainly used by the sacerdotal priesthood of the Christian Churches, is the Mano Pantea. This is the sign of benediction posed by extending the thumb and first two fingers. The ring and little fingers are folded onto the palms. This mudra could be seen in the various paintings and murals of Jesus, the Saints, and priests. In Latin countries, the Mano Pantea can be typically used as an amulet in opposition to the “Evil Eye,” when thus employed it is generally coated with different protecting symbols as reinforcements.
An upraised thumb represents the erect phallus and is an indication for all times, success, prosperity, and acceptability. In distinction, the downward pointing thumb denotes defeat and is the veto signal of condemnation or the loss of life sentence. The center finger solitarily prolonged is among the obscene gestures vulgarly known as, “up yours.” It signifies the command to carry out an unnatural or perverse sexual act.
The famed Buddhist temple, Borobudur within the island of Java was constructed within the type of a mandala–a symbolic diagram of the cosmos. It’s in-built tiers, and at each degree, there are quite a few statues of Buddhas sitting in silent meditation. At each point of the compass the contemplative Buddhas assume a certain mudra. Those dealing with North bear the Abhaya (fearlessness) mudra, whereas these within the East present the Bhumisparsha (earth-touching) gesture. The Dana (giving) mudra is the hand pose of the Buddhas going through South, and the Dhyana (meditation) mudra of these dealing with West. Other mudras within the precincts of the temple are additionally to be discovered such as the Vitarka (debate) and Dharmachakraprayartana (educating) gestures. Stone Island product This cautious orientation of mudra bearers to compass factors is symbolic. It is said to the quaternary principles to be found in the micro- and macrocosm. Comprehensive teachings concerning these may be found in the esoteric facets of Buddhism and esotericism typically.
Symbolic marks or imprints are sometimes discovered on the palms of statues and icons of Buddhas and Avatars. These marks indicate the ability, virtue, or attribute of these God-incarnates. In Hinduism, Shiva appears essentially the most with these hand drawings. Many sorts of marks exist. A number of are to be discovered on simply the palms of Gautama (Shakyamuni) Buddha alone. These palmar designs in all probability originated from the special marks that do physically appear on the palms. Cheiromancy identifies several of these as the square, the grille, the island, the cross or star, and many others.
Fingers had been revered by the Hindus for centuries. One of many Shivaic tantrik rituals of India provides the next liturgical adoration to the fingers of the arms:
“Om Sham I bow to the thumbs Namah. Om Shim I bow the index fingers Svaha. Om Shum I bow to the middle fingers Vashat. Om Shaim I bow to the ring fingers Hum. Om Shaum I bow to the little fingers Vaushat. Om Shah I bow to the front and back of arms Phat.”
This chant is accompanied by specific mudras that purifies the delicate channels of the upper limbs. Not solely is this ritual practiced in India but variations of it may be found in Bali as effectively.
In the marriage ceremonies and sexual rites of Oriental cultures corresponding to in Tantrism, Yoginis or Shaktis typically paint Yantras and other symbolical diagrams on the palms of their fingers with henna or crimson dye. These diagrams normally have intricate floral patterns and are magical and hypnotic. They are used to attract, to mesmerize, and to empower themselves and their sexual partners.
In Islamic mysticism, particular gestures are sometimes employed to assist produce an altered state of consciousness. Dervishes, as an example, pose their arms in specific mudras and hand signs while dancing and whirling around on a single spot. Some Sufi sects would trace the 99 names of God on their bodies with their right hand whereas partaking in zikir, or recollecting and focusing upon God by way of constant chanting.
In historic instances there were the Mystery Schools that taught to the selected few the laws and secrets of Nature and the Universe. History has recorded numerous of those colleges and temples of esoteric data amongst which had been the mysteries of Isis, Sabazius, Cybele, Eleusis, Orpheus, Mithra, Asar-Hapi, and Odin. To state the mission and purpose of these metaphysical institutions we can do no better than to quote the eminent Freemason, Robert Macoy:
“It appears that all the perfection of civilization, and all of the advancement made in philosophy, sciences, and artwork among the many ancients are as a result of those institutions which, below the veil of mystery, sought to illuminate the sublimest truths of religion, morality, and virtue, and impress them on the center of the disciples. Their chief object was to teach the doctrine of one God, the resurrection of man to the eternal life, the dignity of the human soul, and to guide the people to see the shadow of the deity, in the beauty, magnificence, and splendor of the universe.”
Within some of these Mystery schools, when the candidate is first initiated and accepted as a neophyte, she or he is commonly given an effigy of a human hand crammed with symbolic photos to contemplate. This hand is referred to as the Hand of the Philosopher, or the Hand of the Mysteries. When these symbols are understood, they provide the neophyte the keys to facilitate the transformation of their lower nature into divinity–from man to god. Regeneration, transmutation, and empowerment are the consequence of the appliance of the legal guidelines and ideas that these historic symbols symbolize. Among the numerous secrets and techniques that they portray, they educate how one could commune with one’s Holy Guardian Angel, or one’s Increased Self. The practitioner of the secrets and techniques of the Mysteries bear a rebirth because of the rising affect and expression of the upper Self in everyday consciousness.
The Philosopher’s Hand could also be considered an alchemical guide taking the conscientious pupil step by step via the alchemical course of. In Freemasonry, the Hand of the Mysteries is thought because the hand of the Grasp Mason. In some Masonic teams, that is the title for the best of the three levels to be found within the hoary and august fraternity. In this text we have now included three examples of those symbolical palms. The primary illustration proven is a bronze hand to be discovered within the British Museum. This specimen within the Mano Pantea gesture, is coated with a number of essential symbols among which are : a ram’s head, serpent, frog, vase, crocodile, turtle, cornucopia, scales, girl with little one, desk with loaves of bread, and a cane. It’s purported to be Egyptian in origin.
The second hand is a painting redrawn by J. Augustus Knapp from an 18th century water coloration, and is taken from Manly Hall’s “Secret Teachings of All Ages”; it was executed with the alchemical process in mind. In this illustration there is a determine of a fish which symbolizes mercury–the precept of the Spirit inside the microcosm. This aquatic creature is surrounded by the factor of hearth that represents the psychological facet of man, or the human soul. The rest of the fingers individually check with the assorted steps of the spiritual path of transmutation of the bottom nature of man into the resplendent gold of divinity. Kaballistically, the hand reveals the mastership of the crowned thumb (the desire) over the 4 worlds represented by the fingers. These four worlds are referred to as Atziluth, Briah, Yetzirah, and Assiah, or the World of Archetypes, the World of Creation, the World of Formation, and the World of Manifestation. Atop of the fingertips in Knapp’s illustration are symbols representing the varied parts of the microcosm: the lantern, the Concrete Thoughts; the Solar, the Summary Thoughts; the Star, Buddhi; the Crown, Atma. The little finger holds aloft a philosophical key, which reveals the secrets of the Mysteries. It also symbolizes the etheric body, which is considered by Western Initiates as the important thing to occult growth. The wings surrounding the hand is an indication for transcendentalism–the issues of the Spirit versus matter. The eyes, alternatively, indicate the divine facet of omniscience unfolded in the Master Mason after having discovered and applied the “Lost Word.”
Hindu versions of the Hand of the Mysteries are diagrams often called Hastakara Yantra. Like their Western counterpart, these arms have numerous symbolic photographs depicted on them. Among other things they illustrate the relationship between man and the cosmic forces.
Like Hindu yoga, in Feng Shui, or Chinese geomancy, there are 5 components: Water, Wood, Earth, Fireplace, and Metallic. In Chinese language palmistry the little finger is related to air, the ring finger with fire, the middle finger with earth, the forefinger with water, and the thumb with chi or metal as mentioned before. This system differs from the Hindu yogic mudra tradition. Initially, in yoga philosophy the fifth aspect is akasha or space, which although correspond to chi, does not relate to metal in any respect. In accordance with mudra teachings, Angutha or the thumb corresponds to fireplace, Tarjani or the forefinger to air, Madhyam or the center finger to akasha, Anamika or the ring finger to earth and Kanishthika, or the little finger to water. In this work on mudras, we will stress more on the Hindu yogic assignment of the elements to the fingers and thumb. The appliance of elemental mudras at the side of the elemental tattvic tides is a great tool in elemental magick.
Hand Signs in Religious Art
Hand signs are a necessary part of life. They are used to convey silently but powerfully the intention and ideas of their consumer. Humanity has for ages utilized signal languages. It originated at a interval of Man’s evolution when he was incapable of communicating his abstract and concrete thoughts stone island jumper cheap uk with words and phrases lingually. He was solely dependent upon gesticulations as a media for expressing his feelings and passions. This primitive form of communication continues to be being utilized by fashionable man in certain situations and expediency. Not surprisingly, the intelligent courses of anthropoids additionally make use of hand-sign movements such as the beating of the chest in expressing anger or authority. The fictitious Tarzan could not resist aping this gesture from his Darwinian guardians.
Certain specific hand signs are to be discovered all around the world. Many cultures preceding and succeeding the Christian era share frequent gestures that categorical explicit concepts. It has been instructed that these gestures all have comparable basic ideas or significance because of their appearances in comparable contexts. This is thought by their repeated portrayal in the numerous paintings, sculptures, and drawings of the past accessible for our scrutiny and study. Mediaeval Christian art of saints, prophets, and the Holy Trinity, and the gods and devas of Egypt, India and the South American Indians are often depicted with comparable hand positions.
Contemporarily, we discover college kids perpetuating certain conventional indicators which have their origin in religion and pagan practices. For instance, crossing the fingers as a form of prayer so that they may be free from chastisement when interrogated of their improper conduct–this could also be a corrupted type of the ecclesiastical use of the Signal of Benediction.
There are lots of professions that make use of signs only known to their members or affiliates. For instance, merchants, masons, tramps, gamblers, prostitutes–all have indicators identified solely to themselves with which they signal one another.
Because of the profuse use of indicators and gestures by the Italians in their everyday life, anthropologists believe that these descendents of Romulus and Remus are not able to carry out a satisfactory conversation if they had been prevented the usage of gesticulation.
Occultists consider that most gestures or hand signs that are found in religion and in society have a common origin in the prevalent Mystery Schools of the past where they had been used in a ceremonial setting. Modern Freemasonry as certainly one of the many descendents of these Occult Temples of Wisdom and Knowledge still perpetuates this custom of hand signs in their initiatory rites.
Like the Freemasons, secret societies in the Orient also have ceremonies where esoteric signs are employed. Certainly one of the secret associations of China, the Hung Society, have certain signs and gestures with which communication is carried-out among the affiliated members–not only in the ceremonies but in everyday life as effectively. The aforementioned society, likewise, have plentiful mudras or signs representing the ideas of their philosophy. In its doctrines, the five elements of Taoist esotericism are signified by poses that are also to be found elsewhere around the globe.
The mystical Dervishes, established by the Sufi Rumi, apply hand signs for occult purposes. They invoke the Divine Presence by utilizing these signs that corresponds with the 99 names of God in their dance rituals, as already alluded to beforehand.
Artists of all ages have secret codes and teachings with which they unveil in their artwork. In archaic times it was a harmful matter to brazenly publicize occult and spiritual teachings that religions steeped in fundamentalism had been dramatically opposed to for these teachings threatened their political structure stone island jumper cheap uk and lessen their value in the eyes of an evolving humanity. It is for this reason that the Mystery and metaphysical schools established by the historic sages went underground and operated clandestinely. They promulgated their teachings by means of signs and symbols that acted on one degree as their calling card.