Pirates, Buccaneers And Privateers
There are tales, songs and movies about them, but regardless of how they are romanticized; the pirates of the Caribbean had been real. As we speak, there may be plenty of journey to be found in the islands, but if you are on a BVI boat charter, the pirate legends live on and also you can be a part of the history.
Columbus discovered and named the BVI in 1493 on his second voyage to the Americas. The Spanish claimed the island as their own, but did nothing to implement their claims (aside from a small fort on Virgin Gorda), and never settled within the territory. As an alternative, the BVI became part of the Spanish Empire, centered on the Caribbean shores of the Americas, known as the Spanish Fundamental. Precious metals and other riches flowed from inland mines and Indian empires to sea coast towns after which on through the Caribbean by galleons under sail to Spain. Spanish treasure ships were soon followed by Spanish, Dutch, English and French merchant ships supplying their colonies in the West Indies. Pirates went where the prizes were and this wealth attracted pirates from all nations and walks of life. Once helpful to the English, French and Dutch in attacking the Spanish Empire and one another, the Golden Age of Pirates (1680-1725) flourished, wreaking havoc on maritime commerce and terrorizing travelers. The BVI played a role in this historical drama. Pirates were attracted to the islands as their hidden coves and complex reef system made them the perfect spot for ravaging passing ships transporting riches from the new world back to Europe.
Buccaneers vs. Privateers
If you are on a BVI boat charter, chances are you’ll hear reference to pirates, buccaneers and privateers. Although they all shivered many a timber, there have been refined differences within the terms. Although now used as a synonym for pirate, the time period buccaneer had a singular which means. The buccaneers were pirates who attacked French and Spanish shipping in the West Indies during the 17th and 18th centuries. Whereas pirates have been solely restricted to the sea, buccaneers plundered each on the shores and on excessive seas. About 1630, some Frenchmen who have been driven away from the island of St. Kitts went to Hispaniola – the area shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic. They lived by hunting wild cattle and poaching pigs, and then selling the hides to Dutch traders. The native Arawak Indians taught them to smoke the meat on wood frames (referred to as “boucans”) in order that it might be saved for a later date. The term buccaneer comes from the word “boucanier.” In 1635, Spain’s King Philip IV declared the Hispaniola settlement too close to Spain’s trading routes and ordered the buccaneers and their households eliminated. Most of the males have been killed and their households have been shipped off to the dungeons of the Inquisition. These men that survived turned to a life of piracy, in search of particular revenge on anything and anyone associated with Spanish trade.
Closely related to the buccaneers have been the privateers, looting pirates who labored underneath the sanctioning letter of their authorities. The price of maintaining a fleet to defend the colonies was beyond the treasury of national governments of the 16th and 17th centuries. Non-public vessels would be commissioned into a “navy” with a letter of marques, paid with a substantial share of whatever they could capture from enemy ships and settlements, the rest going to the crown. These ships would operate independently or as a fleet, and if successful, the rewards could possibly be great. England, in particular, viewed privateering as a low budget way to wage war on their Spanish rival. Frequently, however, the line between buccaneer, privateer and pirate was quite blurred.
Pirates of the BVI
Several pirates made the BVI their base of operations. Among the more famous were the following:
Joost Van Dyke: It is not known exactly when Dutch privateer Joost Van Dyke arrived in the BVI, but by 1615, there were Spanish records of his settlement in the Territory. He organized the first permanent settlement in Sopers Hole, West End, Tortola. By 1625, the Dutch West India Company named him, “Patron of Tortola.” He moved most of the settlement to Road Town. Unfortunately for the settlement, he made enemies with the Spanish after supplying some army assist to the Dutch Admiral who managed to sack San Juan, Puerto Rico. Seeking revenge, the Spanish lay waste to Highway Town. Joost Van Dyke managed to flee from Tortola and hid on the island which would later bear his title, Jost Van Dyke.
Black Sam Bellamy: Seeking his fortune, first as a treasure hunter, later as a pirate, so as to marry a new England maiden, Black Sam Bellamy captured 50 prizes in a year’s time, many while based at his namesake, Bellamy Cay (residence of the Last Resort restaurant) in Trellis Bay. He made a dashing determine in an extended, deep-cuffed velvet coat, knee breeches, silk stockings, silver-buckled sneakers, long dark hair tied with a black satin bow, a sword slung on his left hip and 4 pistols in his sash. After capturing his richest prize, The Whydah, he died in a shipwreck on the way dwelling at the age of 29.
Blackbeard: Some of the notorious buccaneers in Virgin Island historical past was Edward Teach (aka Edward Thatch), better generally known as Blackbeard as a result of a waist-length beard which he wore braided and tied with ribbons. He strapped quite a few pistols throughout his chest, however he relied on his hat to deliver actual terror to those unfortunate victims Cheap Stone Island he attacked. Blackbeard tucked hemp fuses beneath his hat, which he would light when in combat. His face would be wreathed in fire and a cloud of smoke as he approached, making his victims declare he was an apparition from Hell. From 1714-1718, Blackbeard and his murderous crew made the West Finish of Tortola their base of operations. He met his end at the hands of a British fleet specifically sent out to capture him. The island opposite West End, Tortola is named Little Thatch, after Edward Teach/Thatch.
Sir Frances Drake: Privateer and sea captain extraordinaire, Drake was a self-made man detested by the old nobility. He eventually rose to the rank of British Admiral and defeated the Spanish Armada. He started his career in 1573 off Nombres de Dios (Panama’s Caribbean port at the time) when he plundered a “silver train” of mules stone island black wooly hat headed for Spain’s treasure fleet. “El Draque”, as the Spanish called him, raided many Spanish ships, bringing residence the loot to his Queen. Later, when England was no longer at battle with Spain, Drake returned dwelling with the bounty from a raid, however was disowned and pressured to enter hiding for 2 years. Solely after his triumphant circumnavigation of the globe did he return residence a hero and gain his knighthood. He was buried at sea in a lead coffin off Nombres de Dios.
BVI Pirate Sites
If you are lucky enough to be on a BVI boat charter, you’ll be able to simply discover among the previous pirate haunts.
Norman Island: Nicknamed Treasure Island as a result of it was the inspiration for Robert Lewis Stevenson’s novel of the identical identify, Norman Island is reputed to have been a favorite hangout of pirates while legends of buried treasure nonetheless persist. The Caves are a popular snorkel spot where the walls are rumored to have secret markings leading the method to hidden treasure. Spy Glass Hill, positioned by following a dirt monitor from the seashore by Pirates restaurant to the highest of Norman Hill gives a spectacular 360° panoramic view of the Sir Frances Drake Channel and surrounding areas. This hill was used by pirates to keep a lookout for treasure galleons.
Lifeless Chest: Ever heard the ditty, “15 men on a Lifeless Man’s Chest- yo ho ho and a bottle of rum” The island of Lifeless Chest really does exist between Peter and Salt Islands. Marooning was a standard pirate punishment. After an tried mutiny, Blackbeard is said to have marooned 15 men on Dead Chest with only a single bottle of grog. The fight which ensued left no survivors.
St. Michael’s Church: If touring Tortola by land, comply with Ridge Highway because it dips to the North Seashore Coast. About half means all the way down to Windy Hill, you could find the overgrown stone walls and other ruins of the 18th century St. Michael’s Church. This church was reputedly headed by a pirate priest, who used this vantage level to spy passing ships loaded with treasure. Immediately, all you will note are BVI boat charters.
Soper’s Hole: Located on the West End of Tortola, Soper’s Hole was just one of many remote bays that pirates used to careen their ships. It was essential to keep their hulls clear so that they might be capable to sail fast to be able to catch their prey. Joost Van Dyke first settled here, and Blackbeard and his mob also used Soper’s Hole as their base of operations. Soper’s Hole offered each a superb haven for this band of thieves and an advantageous spot from which to maintain watch alongside the Sir Frances Drake Channel for any ships ripe for plunder. They could lay in wait for unsuspecting trade ships to approach and then pounce!
Anegada Passage and the Sir Frances Drake Channel: Anegada Passage was the entrance to the Caribbean and the protected waters of the Channel. In the Golden Age of Pirates, the Sir Frances Drake Channel was known as, “Freebooters Gangway.” A freebooter was a slang term for a pirate. The Channel attracted both merchant men and pirates alike.
The North Sound: Virgin Gorda’s North Sound lies astride the Anegada Passage and the Sir Francis Drake Channel. This is the realm where Sir Frances Drake assembled his ships before attacking Puerto Rico. It also is the site for two former pirate escape routes. Pirate escape routes were used to lure pursuers onto intervening reef shallows. One was the Eustatia Sound located at the front of the North Sound. At present, only local data affords escape exits by means of gaps in the treacherous reefs that make even the most experienced BVI boat charterers quake with fear in their bare feet! An alternate but little used entrance/exit to the North Sound is behind Saba Rock’s reef in an s-shaped transit by an opening between the islands around the back of Eustatia Island and out a bit of used gap in Eustatia Reef at Prickley Pear’s Opuntia Point. Although a charterer on a BVI boat should never attempt it, at present, this is a fun, adventurous dinghy route for those wishing to snorkel or beach comb around the area.
The great era of pirates in the Caribbean extends from around 1560 up until the tip of the Golden Age of Piracy in 1725. The BVI performed an essential half in the historical past of the actual pirates of the Caribbean. E-book your BVI boat and dwell the legend yourself, matey!