The Country, Islands, And The Philippine Folks
The Philippines is a country in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has considered one of the biggest populations on the earth. The nation is an archipelago of a large group of islands surrounded by crystal clear water and lovely and unique coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the largest is Luzon, at 105 square kilometres and simply over fifty % of the islands in the nation have names, and solely 350 islands are greater than 2 and a half kilometres sq.. The tallest mountain range could be found on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the top of the mountain reaches over 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak could be discovered on the second largest island within the nation Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like many other mountains in the country Mount Apo is an energetic volcano. Luzon is also the site of the capital of Manila the largest and most important Philippine city. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for a whole bunch of years Manila bay has been the nation’s coronary heart of delivery and commerce. The Visayas make up the middle part of the Philippine islands. The largest islands in the Visayas include Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay; Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the country and the second largest island in the Philippines the island measures 94,seven hundred sq. kilometres.
The Philippine islands were formed by volcanoes and are a part of a mountain chain that is mostly underneath water. The interior of most of the islands have many rugged mountains with dense rain forest and because of the frequent rain fall there are a lot of rivers streams and waterfalls that regularly surge down the mountain sides. Due to the dense mountain rainforest and frequent rain fall the Philippines is endowed with spectacular sceneries throughout the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls magnificent caves and rock formations. Sadly loads of the rain forest is disappearing earlier than the Spanish arrived in the 1500 over 90 % of the Philippine islands had been covered in rain forest. So far the country has lost close to 1-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been used and lower down for its timber and to clear land for farms and houses.
With over 7000 islands the country has a coast line more than 36,300 kilometres in length. The beaches and coastline varies across the country are very sandy in places akin to Boracay which is well-known for its lovely picturesque tropical white sand beaches. With tropical plants and palm bushes rising on these magnificent beaches. On some island coast lines are very rocky in place and in some places one can find grey white sand beaches and enormous inland rivers that border with mangrove bushes and swamps.
The rivers and lakes
Filipinos depend on contemporary water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and personal day-to-day living requirements corresponding to drinking and washing. Pasig River is considered one of the biggest rivers within the nation and flows by the capital of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows through the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.
Because the country is sitting on the pacific ring of fireplace means the Philippines have lots of active Volcanoes. One of the famous volcanic eruptions happen in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for many a whole bunch of years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted more than 1000 people killed or injured and left thousands of people homeless. The explosion created a huge ash cloud that covered more than 125 thousand square kilometres blanketing the area in ash rock and darkness. One of the crucial active volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also known as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 times previously 400 years. Mount Mayo located on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a perfectly shaped cone that towers 2462 meters above the land. Mayon Last major eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed 3 towns and covered another two with volcanic ash and hot larva about 1600 folks died as a result of this eruption.
The Philippine Individuals
For thousands of years many differing types individuals and nations have been a part of the Philippines the result is a country and folks with a unique blend of many cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age folks settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the country was later joined by the Negritos that got here throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by guests from Malaya India china and the middle east. Magellan was the first European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his men were killed during the battle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain established a permanent settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565
Household religion and training are very important in Filipino culture.
Weather dwelling in the town or the country or on an isolated island family, religion and schooling are very highly valued by almost every one Filipinos have many optimistic values similar to respect for authority and a excessive regard for the dignity of all the folks.
Most Filipinos hold robust religious beliefs they often participate in religious ceremonies have fun holy days with large festivals. The Spanish where very successful in converting the Filipino to Christianity making the Philippine the only Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the inhabitants, 5 % of the inhabitants are Sunni Muslim’s the biggest no Christian group within the nation. Most early Filipinos were animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits generally known as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Bushes Rivers and fields. Many Filipinos consider in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception performs an essential half in the each day life of most Filipinos.The Philippine people worship Christ mother Mary and other holy folks called saints many Filipinos decorate their houses trics jeepneys boats colleges of photos of Christ and mom Mary.
Nearby islands and china launched Islam to the Philippines immediately there are several million Filipinos that follow the religion Stone Island of Islam. Some Filipinos apply Taoism which is a religious perception that originated in china the largest Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.
The Filipino family
The Filipino family the basic units of the Philippine social organization which includes the father the mother and children the bilateral extended family which contains all kin of the Father and Mom. Of particular significance the bond and unity formed by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their family as a source of strength and protection. It is not unusual for unmarried daughters and sons to dwell at house with their dad and mom, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The household are very shut and if somebody needs assist others chip in and do what they can to help the family member in need. The father-husband is the head of the family and is usually unconditionally obeyed by his wife and kids. The father function and obligation is to fulfill the monetary wants of the family. The Filipino father is the primary source of discipline in the family and sometimes uses corporal punishment on both sons and daughters although corporal punishment used on children in the Philippines is now slowly getting used less and less due to the Philippine society teaching and enforcing new values on raising children. The children a lot of Filipino mothers pamper their children these has the effect of prolonging the childhood of the children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood duties and expectations are kept below the child’s potential this care and affection lavished upon the children creates a feeling of belonging and protection. As a result the children will always contribute to dad or mum’s financial support and emotional assist and protection. The normal Filipino wife and mother take care of all the details to ensure the family functions as a living and loving organised family unit. The mother is accountable for the home and all the details pertaining to the children such as cooking the family meal seeing the children are clothed and ready for school the paying of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other household expenses. Strange as it could appear girls share equal place with man in Philippine society woman participation in skilled work and politics is totally accepted this equality will be traced again to historical Malayan tradition.
Education Filipino kids attend six years of elementary school and four years of high school. Courses are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys essential official languages. Greater than 90% of all elementary attend authorities schools. From June until March Filipino children spend their days at college courses begin around eight in the morning in the cities like Manila and typically round 7 am within the rural areas earlier than classes start the youngsters salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a very high literacy rate which most people in the country can read and write unfortunately as a result of high unemployment price and the minimal salary paid to decrease class workers similar to farmers and labours some children must drop out of school to work and help to assist their families and some children attend schools that do not need enough college supplies and gear akin to textbooks desks and chairs and computer systems.
The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 totally different major dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino life. English was introduced so totally different people residing in different elements of the Philippines might understand one another. The American declared English the country official language in the course of the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine government determined to replace English with a language called Filipino often known as Tagalog the most widely spoken Philippine language especially throughout some of the key cities. At present Filipino and English are the nation official languages. In different parts of the Philippines some time s you’ll Filipinos that may converse anywhere up to four languages and some times more especially the people who have traveled and lived in different elements of the country. For example theses Filipinos can speak the language from the area they grew up in and lived in as a child they also can speak English and Tagalog and sometimes another language that is native to where they live as an adult or learnt as a child. For example English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a single Filipino can speak.
The individuals traditional living
Half of the Philippine population dwell in the country near mountains forest on small islands or on the plains there are a lot of varieties of traditional properties Bahay kubo is a traditional rural home some time referred to as a nipa hut.The walls and floors are made from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and tired down to timber or bamboo to type the roof. Different individuals in the nation facet live in wood home and other cheap timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The more wealthy country Filipino dwell in a larger fancy modern dwelling and houses are made from cement bricks and cement.On quite a lot of Small Island and nation areas the house has one primary room with a few pieces of furniture and mats on the floor where the family sleeps.The kitchen is usually in one other room with a wooden burning stove and typically a small gasoline stove relying on how remoted the household is from the closest city. Within the larger country towns many of the native houses have electricity and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are rare in small villages although now increasingly more Small Islands and villages are receiving electricity however there remains to be plenty of villages that do not. The Philippine folks that live in an area that does not have electricity or indoor plumbing collect water from a neighborhood properly and burn kerosene lamps for lights within the night
The individuals’s transportation
The primary individuals who migrated to the Philippine islands used barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the most effective means of transportation of excellent and merchandise from island to another people also rely on these ships as ferries because the cost of a plane ticket are very expensive for the low earnings families. Banca a narrow picket boat with an out boat motor connected to the back. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from both sides of the boats that function like platoons preventing the boat from tipping over or capsizing. Early Filipinos used these small boats to trade and get supplies from neighboring islands.The larger banca boats are mainly used as folks ferries and enormous commercial fishing boats.The smaller banca boats are used for smaller journeys in calmer water. A traditional form of transport is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this form of transportation are still popular in some country towns and provinces especially on the island of Leyte and Samar.
The Philippine jeepney
A Philippine icon king of the road proof stone island 537b2 of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a small bus made from jeeps left behind by the US military. The jeeps where transformed in to busses painted in vibrant glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and decorated with mirrors multi-coloured lights and religious icons. The jeepney smaller brother the stainless steel jeep was made and produced for practical reasons fisherman complained that seawater and the surroundings was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and produced the first jeep the jeep requires less maintenance because it is difficult and does not rust. The jeep is an ideal Philippine vehicle because they are adapted to the unique Philippine local weather particularly from the tough salt air and the unpredictable weather.