The Spanish Important: Tales Of The Union Jack, The Fleur-de-Lis And The Jolly Roger
Have you ever puzzled why there are so many previous-time forts on the Caribbean islands And who constructed them And why
You will spot forts nearly in all places on the outdated “Spanish Predominant” – which means all of the Caribbean islands and the nations rimming them alongside the coasts of Central and South America. Some are jumbo-measurement, just like the $2 trillion monster fort overlooking the Colombian harbor of Cartagena, long stone island trench coat the place treasure galleons gathered to sail in convoys to Spain. Different forts, like these perched on among the hilltops within the Grenadines, boast only a cannon or two.
Spanish tremendous-fort guarded treasure fleets at Cartagena, Colombia.
Many of the forts have been constructed through the seventeenth and 18th centuries when Spain, France, England and The Netherlands have been slugging it out to seize islands to develop sugarcane, tobacco, cotton and the like. Not solely did all these nations have to maintain an eye fixed out for one another’s ships, but additionally for guys with eye patches crusing round beneath the flag of the Jolly Roger.
At one time tons of of pirates roamed the Caribbean, hoping to bag sluggish-transferring cargo ships (whether or not they flew the colours of Spain, England, France or anybody else). After they could not discover any service provider ships to loot, they settled for plundering flippantly defended ports.
Ancient cannons stand silent vigil on St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.
Typically the colours of different nations flew over the identical forts at totally different occasions. As an illustration, throughout an extended sequence of wars between France and England, France’s Fleur-de-lis went down and England’s Union Jack went up on the island of St. Lucia seven times before France lastly threw in the towel in 1814.
Picture from Jade Mountain reveals volcanic peaks soaring over St. Lucia.
“The Struggle of Jenkins Ear” was one other Stone Island large flag-changer. This one began off the coast of Florida in 1731 when a Spanish ship captured a British merchant vessel commanded by Robert Jenkins. For some purpose, the Spanish commander cut off one in all Jenkins’ ears.
Now, the Brits might hardly take that insult mendacity down, so – after one factor led to a different (together with bickering over the rights to promote slaves in the Caribbean) – they ended up declaring warfare on Spain. In a single battle, an English fleet led by Admiral Edward “Previous Grog” Vernon captured and sacked the rich Spanish port at Portobello, Panama. Flushed with success, Vernon went on to assault one other large Spanish port down the coast at Cartagena – long stone island trench coat and actually ran right into a stone wall on the mega-fort there. Vernon showed up with a force of 23,000 males and 186 ships bristling with 2,000 cannons, but the fort, defended by simply three,000 Spanish troops and 6 ships, despatched Previous Grog packing after a month-lengthy siege of town.
Cannons dot the hilltops of St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
And so it went through the years, till the mid-1700s when piracy fizzled out and the forts had rather less to do. But what put them out of business was an all-hands summit of the European powers in 1815, at the top of the Napoleonic wars. Referred to as the Congress of Vienna, the pact divvied up Europe to the likes of the massive gamers in return for everybody’s promise to behave.
And as Europe went, so did the Caribbean, with sure islands going to the English, French, Spanish and Dutch. Many of the islands have since gained their independence, semi-independence, or fewer ties to their overseas mum or dad countries.