Widespread Phrases Defined
T-shirt manufacturers use many phrases to explain their merchandise. The terms are not at all times constant and it helps to have a reference guide.
The next is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. An ordinary spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or forty/1. The upper quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts manufactured from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made from 20s. The terms are used many ways, but it’s the number that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads will be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads have been twisted collectively, it could be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Though rayon is a man-made artificial materials, most specialists agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely soft and has excellent drape.
Bamboo: Quick rising plant, categorized as a grass, which will be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A course of that uses bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A really wide neckline that runs throughout the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, the place the vast neck enabled fast removing if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Ladies’s trend answer to the spouse beater. A women’s tank top, although it can be any shade.
Brushed Cotton: A method to remove excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton often has a really mushy, easy end.
Burn-Out: A course of that makes use of sulfuric acid or other strong acid to “burn-out” parts of a fabric knit, often a polyester/cotton mix. The method gives a see-via, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Often refers to shorter sleeves on girls’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” gas due to its relationship with global warming. Just a few t-shirt manufacturers at the moment are measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Impartial group based in 2001 in Nice Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon Trust works with firms to assist scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies companies and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. Just a few t-shirt firms now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates short fibers and removes dirt and foreign matter. Carding can be finished by hand or by massive machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-solely cotton shouldn’t be as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: One other identify for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a smooth really feel and a vintage look, relying on how the wash is finished.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of sure plants. Helpful in making sure sorts of fabrics, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used usually as low cost promotional give-aways.
Local weather Impartial: A time period used to explain an organization, course of, or product that has zero influence on the Earth’s local weather. Just a few t-shirt manufacturers promote their firm as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with international warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand a number of washings with out shedding its shade.
Combed Cotton: A way to take away quick fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a clean, tremendous cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive energy, glorious uniformity, and better hand. Combed cotton costs more and is utilized in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a different color than the garment. Provides a nice design element in t-shirts.
Control Union: A world organization that offers certification providers for a variety of programs–including many organic certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Global Natural Textile Normal).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a more textured but uniform again. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to 6 ounces. Basic t-shirts are fabricated from cotton jersey. Fantastic cotton jersey is usually smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A natural fiber that’s the preferred in the world for fabrics. Cotton fibers are usually ½ to 2 inches long. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties comparable to Pima and Egyptian, which feature fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are more highly valued than ordinary varieties.
Crew Neck: A round close-fitting neckline. Most common neck on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt with a short body to it; made to expose the midriff area.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. This sort of stitching provides sturdiness and a cleaner, more finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has excellent drape, while a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts that have good drape qualities really feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that options an extended again than entrance.
Eco-Pleasant: Extraordinarily unfastened term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Almost useless in realistically assessing a product. Favorite term used by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to help people who suffer most from environmental abuses akin to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly lively in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing particular enzymes to supply a smooth finish and smooth look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is bodily less harsh on the fabric compared to stone washing.
European Reduce: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize males’s t-shirt, measurement massive, often runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A males’s massive European reduce will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being reduce and sewn right into a completed piece of clothes.
Fair Labor Association: A nonprofit organization devoted to ending sweatshop conditions in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly vital within the apparel enterprise the place working situations have traditionally been so poor.
Truthful Put on Basis: A world group dedicated to enhancing garment staff’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with companies that produce clothes and different sewn merchandise and that take duty for his or her provide chain.
Positive Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a more textured but uniform again. Tremendous cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with superb cotton jersey have a better drape and feel than common t-shirts. Usually made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about 4.Three ounces per square yard.
Fitted Minimize: Definitions range, however usually a fitted minimize refers to a reduce that flatters the physique. Used usually in women’s t-shirts, the center part of the shirt will be tighter than the top or backside. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a fundamental full minimize.
Full Minimize: A generous, roomy minimize. In t-shirts, tubular types are typically thought-about full-cut, however there are exceptions. Full Reduce differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been reduce and sewn right into a completed article of clothes.
Garment Washed: A course of the place completed articles of clothes are washed, often with added softeners to improve the feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the 1990s when consumers turned nervous about genetically modified meals. Many companies now apply the GMO free label on everything from food to natural fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for Global Organic Textile Standard. A challenge of the Worldwide Working Group. They have developed standards to make sure organic status of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to provide a credible assurance to the end consumer. An organic t-shirt that meets the standards can be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic term utilized by advertising and marketing gurus to promote products. One other favourite term of “inexperienced-washers,” who are hopping on the environmental bandwagon without any real commitment.
Green-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Companies that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental issues to draw extra enterprise, but haven’t taken any actual steps to be environmentally responsible.
Hand: The way a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels soft and smooth is considered to have a very good hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for hundreds of years, principally as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it suitable for finer clothing, and now it is used in many clothing articles, including t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its strength and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Much like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (typically as much as 5 buttons are used, but that’s uncommon). A Henley can be either quick or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A way of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. This method produces a frosted look to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that may be very tender and has an excellent drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however much less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very wonderful garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It’s mild weight, and has positive vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. Fine cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with tremendous cotton threads resembling 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric have been made. There are many varieties of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly found in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has nice vertical ribs. However, rib knits have heavy ribs working down the fabric, while interlock knits are utilized in very fine fabrics. T-shirt collars are normally rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless model t-shirt, however not precisely a tank high. Primary t-shirt, simply without the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is way wider than an ordinary tank prime.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification from the International Oeko-Tex® Association, which assures consumers that the apparel they buy is chemical free and poses no threat to their health. Underneath the Oeko-Tex normal, clothing must be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals.
Organic Apparel: A term very loosely applied in the garment industry. It could possibly mean anything from one hundred% natural to as little as 6% natural. Often mixed with terms like Eco-Friendly, Green, and so on. Consumers must check the labels and verify the materials used to see if something is really natural or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown with out the use of pesticides. Certified organic cotton has been inspected to insure it really is organic.
Organic Soil Association: Founded in 1946 by a group of farmers, scientists and nutritionists concerned about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental health. The Natural Soil Association pioneered the primary organic standards in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet those standards.
Overdyed: A process where previously dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an additional color to create a unique look.
Efficiency T: Title for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outside lovers. Efficiency Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor control capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can also be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, due to their absorbency and wicking properties, have turn out to be referred to as performance t-shirts, although they do not dry as fast as performance t-shirts fabricated from 100% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Offered this strategy to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed in the U.S. in the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It features longer fibers and is used usually in superb males’s and ladies’s shirts. The title Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-sort, positive textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used broadly in apparel, especially mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the strategy of pre-shrinking fabric before it’s minimize and sewn. Sometimes it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks much less as soon as the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, nevertheless, particularly if dried using a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Fashion of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting shade from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider beneath the arms, and are most popular by wearers who need most freedom of movement. Baseball t-shirts normally characteristic a raglan sleeve fashion.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its predominant ingredient. Rayon may be very smooth, has glorious drape, and could be very absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs operating down the fabric. Rib knits are usually labeled as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you know the width of the rib in comparison with the space between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the house between every rib is similar width because the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as wide because the areas in between. Rib knit is very stretchy and is often used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The steady spinning leads to a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in various colours.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand whereas washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: One other time period for silicone washed, which produces a really easy and mushy end to fabric, and likewise gives the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Wide, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. Somewhat stretchier than positive jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and looks higher than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the quantity it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however four-5% shrinkage can still be anticipated.
Facet Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam running down at each side under the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Aspect seamed t-shirts are dearer to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really clean and soft end to fabric, and also provides the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other time period for a men’s tank high.
Slim Reduce: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize males’s t-shirt, size massive, usually runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A slim reduce will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or typically silicon and rubber balls. This island stone perfect pebble technique makes fabric softer and provides it an aged or distressed look. Typically bleach is used on this course of.
Tank Prime: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The title got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” however a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Type:A mode that has no facet seams; the physique of the t-shirt is spherical and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No customary definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however usually talking a unisex t-shirt is product of lighter weight, wonderful cotton jersey, aspect seamed, and never minimize as full as an everyday males’s t-shirt. The sleeves usually are not further quick, like cap sleeves, however usually are not full elbow lengths both. The physique size is normally medium/lengthy. Nevertheless, there are huge variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that turned unbiased in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton manufacturing strategies, which embrace compelled baby labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel corporations boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, many corporations do not care and have refused to hitch within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is low-cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle model of neckline. Will be deep or shallow, depending on the fashion. Normally favored by girls, but a shallow model v-neck is in style amongst males.
Viscose: Usually one other title for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Often expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric implies that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. High-quality jersey cotton fabrics often have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank prime t-shirt. Often refers to a fundamental white tank high.
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