Historical past Of The Celtic Cross
The Celtic cross is a cross whose 4 “arms” are intersected by a central, circular ring – a perform of each structural form and symbolism. While the roots of the Celtic Cross are doubtless in Paganism…
The Celtic cross is a cross whose four “arms” are intersected by a central, circular ring – a function of both structural form and symbolism. While the roots of the Celtic Cross are likely in Paganism with the ring symbolizing the sun and “renewal,” it has become a potent symbol of Christianity and Irish heritage. The roots of the Celtic Cross could be traced back to Prehistoric Europe where the “sun cross” – a circle with an “x” or cross shape scratched inside began to appear on cave drawings and burial websites. The image persisted via the Bronze and Iron ages evolving into the Celtic Cross. It is seemingly that the “cross” symbolized North, South, East and West.
Irish folklore tells the story of how Saint Patrick combined the Christian Cross with the “sun” to emphasize the importance of the cross to the Pagan followers, giving birth to the Celtic Cross. Although there is likely little reality to the tale. Across the 7th Century, Irish monks within the Celtic regions of Ireland and Great Britain began to erect upright or “high” crosses, many incorporating the Celtic Cross’ characteristic ringed structure. Many of these crosses survive as we speak in Cornwall, Wales and on the island of Iona together with many others in Eire.
Early Celtic Crosses often bore zoomorphic, or animal imagery, carved in the stone due to the influence of the animal style common in the Iron age. Not surprising given that warrior-herdsmen have been so dependent on wildlife for meals and clothes. This affect died off after the Iron Age as artwork in Eire and Britain moved into the “Insular Period.” Artists during the Insular Art period produced many Celtic Crosses throughout Ireland, Wales and Scotland in the Hiberno-Saxon style. The “Insular Artwork” motion takes its title from the Latin phrase “Insula” which suggests “island.” This utilized to the Isles of Britain and Eire, and spoke to the shared nature of the artwork between the two regions that were vastly different than what was being produced throughout the rest of Europe. The Celtic crosses of this time have been ornate and sometimes bore spiraling geometric patterns that probably symbolized man’s “twisting” journey via life.
Around the 15th century, interest in the Celtic Cross and its influence as an art form waned. In the mid-19th century, a Celtic Revivial started that resulted in elevated cheap stone island jeans junior show and use of Celtic crosses in Eire. Stone The Celtic cross became fashionable as a cemetery marker in Victorian Dublin around the 1860s. This revival continued to spread across the whole of Irland and beyond and the symbol began to take on importance as a symbol of Irish heritage in addition to its religious conotation.
As we speak, the Celtic cross is often used as a gravemarker, though this is a departure from each medieval and Celtic revival periods when the image was used mainly as a monument and had little association with grave markings. The imagery of the Celtic cross has expanded its influence even in fashionable times, often spotted in jewelry as an expression of Irish delight and Christianity. The symbol can also be seen in everything from T-shirts to tattoos. The Northern Ireland national football workforce use the Celtic Cross imagery in their logo and branding. The symbol has had some unfortunate attention as effectively and was recently banned from display in Germany when a prohibited neo-Nazi social gathering co-opted the image as a symbol of their motion.
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