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A prehistoric cult* complicated which is about 7,500 years outdated, i.e. courting to the Chalcolithic, in addition to what has been described as “possibly Prehistoric Europe’s largest stone building”, have been discovered by the archaeologists who have resumed the excavations of the Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the large Island in the Durankulak Lake in Bulgaria’s northeastern-most nook.
The excavations of the Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the massive Island in Bulgaria’s Durankulak Lake first began in 1970s, with the found Paleolithic finds courting back to around 10,000 BC; and a Neolithic settlement dating back to between 5500-5400 BC and 5100-5000 BC.
The settlement, which created what is alleged to be Europe’s first stone metropolis, belongs to Blatnitsa, the earliest section of Europe’s Late Neolithic Hamangia-Durankulak Tradition (whose stays are present in today’s Black Sea areas of Bulgaria and Romania).
A few of the finds date back to about 10,000 BC, the Paleolithic Age, and there are also numerous finds from all the later durations in Prehistory, and from the Antiquity and the Center Ages.
The massive Island within the Durankulak Lake, a three.Four sq. km lagoon, is understood because the Lake Metropolis or the “European Troy”.
It options prehistoric remains from what is alleged to be the first sedentary agricultural culture in Europe, which created Europe’s first stone structure.
The so referred to as Massive Island is in the present day a peninsula with an space of 19 decares (app. Four.7 acres, or zero.019 sq. km).
Cult artifacts discovered in the newly found cult complex in the prehistoric settlement in the Durankulak Lake in Northeast Bulgaria. Photo: Television seize from BNT
The 2015 summer excavations of the prehistoric settlement in Durankulak are the primary in 11 years, and have revealed more of the secrets of the stone city on the lake island positioned right next to the Black Sea coast, reports the Bulgarian Nationwide Tv.
In the past few days, the archaeologists working in Durankulak have unearthed “possibly the most important stone building known to date in Europe” which contains a kiln that was in use for about cheap stone island down jacket 80 years. Another structure close by incorporates varied cult artifacts.
The newly discovered stone constructing, which dates back to the Chalcolithic (Aeneolithic, or Copper Age), has been found to have collapsed because of an earthquake.
“The challenge we are now facing is to reveal the sequence of the layers, or the stages of life, in one of the most monumental buildings ever in prehistoric Europe,” says Petar Zidarov, an archaeologist from New Bulgarian College in Sofia.
He makes it clear that the stone building in question had an area of over 200 square meters, and if it gets proven that it had two floors, it could have a combined constructed-up area of over four hundred sq. meters.
“The individuals who lived on this place were not simply excellent builders however they were also among the first people on the earth who started to smelt metals comparable to native copper and native gold, to forge jewels out of them, and to trade with them as far because the Mediterranean coast,” Zidarov provides.
A newly discovered prehistoric kiln inside the large stone building in the prehistoric settlement in Bulgaria’s Durankulak was in use for about 80 years. Photo: Tv grab from BNT
The 2015 excavations of the prehistoric settlement on the massive Island within the Durankulak Lake are a joint venture of the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, New Bulgarian University, and the Varna Museum of Archaeology.
Unfortunately, renowned Bulgarian archaeologist Henrieta Todorova who studied the prehistoric culture in Durankulak for about forty years has not too long ago handed away.
The archaeological excavations are funded jointly by the Bulgarian Ministry of Tradition and Shabla Municipality.
Shabla Municipality has not too long ago implemented a project for creating Bulgaria’s first open-air Paleolithic museum at the site of the prehistoric settlement on the massive Island within the Durankulak Lake, close to the city of Durankulak.
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The excavations of the prehistoric settlement on the big Island in the Durankulak Lake in Northeast Bulgaria have been resumed after an 11-year pause. Photo: Television seize from BNT
The Durankulak Archaeological Preserve is situated close to the Black Sea coast and Bulgaria’s land border with Romania; it options several archaeological sites from different ages, the most ancient one dating back to the Paleolithic and Neolithic Period, and the newest one – to the primary Bulgarian Empire within the tenth century.
The Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the massive Island in the Durankulak Lake, a lagoon with an area of 3.4 square km on Bulgaria’s Black Sea Northern Black Sea coast near the town of Durankulak, Shabla Municipality, is thought because the Lake City or the “European Troy”.
It features prehistoric remains from what is claimed to be the first sedentary agricultural culture in Europe. The so called Big Island is at present a peninsula with an area of 19 decares (app. 4.7 acres, or zero.019 sq. km).
The excavations of the Paleolithic and Neolithic settlement on the massive Island in Bulgaria’s Durankulak Lake first began in 1974 by Bulgarian archaeologists Henrieta Todorova and Todor Dimov.
They discovered Paleolithic finds dating back to around 10,000 BC; and a Neolithic settlement courting back to between 5500-5400 BC and 5100-5000 BC.
The settlement, which created what is claimed to be Europe’s first stone city, is characterized as belonging to Blatnitsa, the earliest phase of Europe’s Late Neolithic Hamangia-Durankulak Culture (whose remains are found in today’s Black Sea regions of Romania and Bulgaria).
The Bulgarian archaeologists found archaeological layers from a total of 8 prehistoric settlements on the Durankulak Lake island, the primary two of which belong to the Late Neolithic Hamangia-Durankulak Culture and the subsequent four – to the Chalcolithic (Aeneolithic, Copper Age) Varna Culture.
What is said to be the world’s largest Paleolithic-Neolithic necropolis – containing traces of about 1400 and 1204 studied graves – relationship again to 5300-3800 BC – has additionally been found there.
The first burial mounds dating to about the 3500-3400 BC are said to have mark the arrival of the proto-Thracians.
The archaeological site on the island additionally options remains from Ancient Thrace – a Thracian settlement dating back to 1300-1200 BC, across the time of the Trojan Warfare; a 4th century BC rock shrine of Thracian (Greek, Anatolian) Mother Goddess Cybele; and a 9th-10th century Ad fortress from the period of the first Bulgarian Empire (632/680-1018 Advert), and an Ancient Bulgar necropolis.
*In this text, as in all other articles of ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com, the term “cult” is used in its original and basic meaning which is similar to the meaning of “religion”, usually referring to religious cults in prehistoric and historical occasions, as exemplified by the under definition derived from “Oxford Dictionaries”. This meaning should not be confused with other meanings of the word “cult”, and should not be confused for an abbreviation of the term “culture”.
1. A system of religious veneration and devotion directed toward a selected determine or object: “the cult of St.