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The popularly held view among researchers regarding the mysterious historic civilisation that once lived on Rapa Nui (Easter Island) is that it was a fierce and competitive warrior culture.
Nevertheless, a new study based mostly on the analysis of giant stone ‘hats’ that once adorned the famous moai statues suggests Easter Islanders were, in fact, a supportive and inclusive community who saw cooperation as a approach of life.
These stone hats – or pukao – are large cylindrical stones made from a volcanic rock generally known as ‘red scoria’, according to Carl Lipo, a professor of anthropology at Binghamton University.
They weigh many tons and were placed on top of the moai when they were erected between 1250 and 1500 . Researchers say the hats reflect ancient Polynesian traditions of honouring the ancestors. Stone Island Uk Until now, the significance of the more than 70 hats scattered around the island – most of which are no longer sitting atop the moai – has been unclear.
For the study, published in the journal Advances in Archaeological Apply, researchers created 3D computer models of the pukao using images in order to check them in more element, discovering that there have been many extra drawings carved into the rock than beforehand thought.
“With the constructing mitigating any sense of battle, the moai building and pukao placement were key parts to the success of the island,” mentioned Lipo. “In our analysis of the archaeological records, we see proof that demonstrates the prehistoric communities repeatedly worked together to construct monuments. The action of cooperation had a profit to the community by enabling sharing of data and assets.”
Lipo believes that the new findings from the pukao suggests the island still holds many secrets.
“Every time we look on the archaeological report of the island, we are surprised by what we discover. There’s way more to be learned from this exceptional place – essential answers that shed light on the skills of our ancestors, as well as potential ideas for contemporary society about what it takes to outlive on a tiny and remote island,” stated Lipo.