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The Library Of Alexandria

Ptolemaios Soter, (ruler of Egypt 323-283 BCE) started the building of the library of Alexandria. It was destined to be the greatest library ever for several hundred years. He additionally built the temple of the Muses from which the phrase ‘museum’ derives. His intention was to collect the world’s most important scrolls under the same roof, and translate them to Greek.

Mens Stone Island Leather Jackets Classic BlackThe Library deserves some ideas by anyone who appreciates any kind of written records, but in addition as a result of it has been the best lost of knowledge, ever. It was beneath the safety of all of the Kings and Queens of the Ptolemaic dynasty, and was regularly increasing.

The library is believed to have saved four hundred,000 to 700,000 parchment scrolls. Beside the head library constructing, the temple Serapis, situated in one other a part of town, was used as a library too, housing about some 10% of the whole holdings. There isn’t any actual settlement in regards to the time of the destruction of the library, although all references agree that it was burnt, most likely at a number of occasions. According to Plutarchos, (forty seven-127 CE), the library was destroyed in forty seven-forty eight BCE by Julius Caesar. If that is true, it might need been solely partly destroyed since there is evidence of the library’s existence after that.

The destruction has most likely taken place at a number of events throughout the fanatic sweep ordered by Christian emperors and executed by Christian bishops and mobs. The destruction was later accomplished by the Moslems. The library’s motto, The place of the cure of the soul, was not approved by the Bible, neither by the Koran.

381 CE. Emperor Flavius Theodosius (378-395 CE) outlawed visits to the old temples. Public talks on religious issues have been now not allowed. He ordered the destruction of all pagan temples and the extermination of hundreds of non-Christians in the entire Roman Empire. In Egypt the duty was assigned to the Patriarch of Alexandria Theophilus (385-412 CE) and in Cyprus to bishop of Salamis, Epiphanius (315 – 403 CE). Both launched a program of heavy persecutions against non-Christians. No place of worship remained, no stone upon one other, no philosophers opposing the brand new religion.

At the moment, round 391 CE, the temple of Serapis was transformed to a Christian church and the parchments therein were probably destroyed.

Laurence Gardner says about Theophilus in the Lost Secrets of the Sacred Ark, p. 89: Led by the Roman-appointed Bishop Theophilus, they marched upon the Serapeum, the place the gathering was held in the nice Library of Alexandria, and razed it to the bottom with a view to clear the field for the doctrines of new Church-accepted literature. In this regard, Rome was stated to have crucified the serpent of knowledge, simply as Jesus (a purveyor of that knowledge) had been crucified by the identical institution. Theodosius has secured a spot in the history books as one of the most iniquitous, equally most manipulated, Emperors. Perhaps the chief messenger Michael was nonetheless in Constantinople! Theodosius edict regarding Epiphanius says:…the one that will not obey pater Epiphanius haven’t any proper to maintain residing on the island. The non-Cypriot Epiphanius threatened to deport people from their birthplace unless they converted to Christianity!

Bishop Cyril of Alexandria (378-444 CE), who was a cousin of Theophilus and succeeded him after his loss of life, led Christian mobs towards each Jews and pagans. (The Pagans have been all individuals with religions aside from Judaism or Christianity). The Jewish synagogues have been leveled to the ground and the Jews pushed from town. Another Christian mob, most likely ordered by Cyril too, attacked and murdered the nice philosopher and mathematician Hypatia of Alexandria (ca 370-414 CE).

We’ve got the merciless particulars about her loss of life handed down by Sokrates Scholasticus within the Ecclesiastical Historical past from cosmopolis-website says:… and dragging her from the carriage, they took her to the church referred to as Caesareum, the place they utterly stripped her, after which murdered her Stone Island Clothes UK with tiles. After tearing her body in pieces, they took her mangled limbs to a place called Cinaron, and there burnt them.

The yr was 414 CE within the fourth year of Cyril’s episcopate. Utilizing a widely known constructing, the Caesareum as church, witnesses that the Christians of these occasions had been so unorganized they did not even have churches of the kind we’ve got right now. Wisdomworld-webpage says about Cyril: Cyril has come down in Christian historical past as one of many “Saints” of the Church, regardless of the well-known proven fact that he was tried for stealing the gold and silver Church vessels and spending the money gained from their sale. But petty thievery has not earned for the name of Cyril of Alexandria its darkish immortality within the annals of religious historical past. His actual crime was way more critical-the crime of homicide, intentionally perpetrated towards one of the noblest characters in history: Hypatia, the final of the Neoplatonists.

That was additionally the top of the Neoplatonic college of Alexandria. Plato, who based the academy in Athens, some thousand years earlier, would by no means dream that his philosophical ideas would threaten essentially the most highly effective man on Earth, the ruler Enlil/Yahweh. The truth is, not solely Plato and the Neoplatonists have been threatening his plans for dominion over the human race, but in addition each freethinking individual.

Paulus Orosius (385-420 CE), a historian and theologian acknowledged in his ‘Historical past in opposition to the pagans’ the next regarding the Serapeum: Right this moment there exist in temples books chest, which we ourselves have seen, and, when these temples have been plundered, these, we’re informed, have been emptied by our personal males in our time, which, certainly, is a real assertion. The destroyers have been proud by destroying the accumulated information of the time within the title of Yahweh. The stays of the library that survived the Christian mobs have been destroyed within the title of Allah.

In line with different sources, the nice library, or the stays of it, was destroyed in 640 CE by Amr, the chief of the Islamic forces that attacked and took Egypt, after the command of Caliph Omar.

On the query of Amr, on what to do with the books of the nice library, Caliph Omar is presupposed to have answered that the books needs to be destroyed as a result of: They may either contradict the Koran, in which case they are heresy, or they will agree with it, so they are superfluous. Then the documents are purported to have been used as tinder within the bathhouse for a number of months! Among the many treasury books misplaced throughout the burning of the royal library, were most of the 42 books of Instructions, or the 42 Books of Thoth (Hermes Trismegistos), as they are higher recognized. A few of them described how to realize “immortality”, amongst different themes.

So as to determine the nice importance of the library and its contribution to human development, we present a list of some of the philosophers and scientists who had been working at, or represented in the nice library. No doubt, the nice misplaced of information has neutralized human improvement enormously.

Anaximander (ca 610-547 BCE) said that “the Earth is like a globe and it is orbiting the Sun.” While Anaximander could freely express his opinion, the Catholic Church imprisoned and burned on the stake the philosopher, mathematician and astronomer Giordano Bruno, some two thousand years later! He too believed that Earth was orbiting the Solar. In response to the Catholic Church, he had also erroneous opinions in regards to the Trinity and about Christ’s divinity and Incarnation. How might Earth orbit the Sun Wasn’t it towards the will of the Catholic Church

Pythagoras (580-520 BCE), not solely accepted the teachings of Anaximander, he was also instructing concerning the discoveries of this nice man.

Plato (427-347) BCE (a number of dates exist) was a philosopher who based the Academy, the primary college in Athens (388 BCE) that flourished for over 900 years. The Academy was closed after order from the Christian Roman Emperor Justinian in 529 CE. Plato was, like Socrates and Aristoteles, devoted to philosophy and science and ideas about ethical. The explanations for closing down had been that the ideas of the Academy have been in battle with the dogmas of Yahweh!

Empedokles (494-434 BCE) stated that the moon is orbiting the Earth and the moon “had no mild of its personal” however it is “borrowed.”

Demokretos (460-370 BCE) in regards to the darkish marks on the moon: “They’re the shadows of nice mountains and valleys.” Additionally that “in house, there are rather more planets than we will see.” He can also be thought-about to be the father of the atomic theory.

Aristarchos from Samos (310-230 BCE) said that not solely the Earth was orbiting the Sun but also all the opposite planets within the photo voltaic system have been doing the identical. Earth was additionally rotating throughout its personal axel, and that the space between Earth and different stars, was nice behind imagination.

Euclid of Alexandria (323-283 BCE) wrote the weather of geometry.
Archimedes (287-212 BCE) was a mathematician astronomer, engineer, philosopher, and physicist. It was most likely within the library of Alexandria he invented the screw-formed water pump, one of many only a few innovations that survived the destruction by the organized criminality of the Christian mobs.

Heron of Alexandria (1st century round sixty two CE, a number of dates exist) was a mathematician with nice pursuits in engineering and mechanics. He constructed a number of sorts of “machines” for each civil and navy use, of which probably the most recognized is the steam turbine referred to as “aeolipile.” His most well-known work in arithmetic was the Proposition 1.Eight of his work “Metrica” recognized right now because the Heron Formulation.

Even when we now know that the persecution of individuals and the destruction of data was ordered by Christian Emperors and executed by Christian Fathers and Christian mobs, it’s not fairly true. The Christian Emperors acted in line with directions given to them by the Yahweh household, a lot in the identical means the Sumerian kings acted in line with the will of the same family. The alien high commander of Earth Enlil/Yahweh is still ruling the world through scientific utilized thoughts management!

It isn’t troublesome to think about the nice quantity of misplaced information destroyed by religious fanaticism, and how that lost has been delaying human development.

Old Sumerian, Babylonian and Greek documents, as well as a number of outstanding authors help the connection between the Sumerian god Enlil (human-alien) and the god Yahweh of the Christian Bible. The message is sort of clear: Yahweh is a god among many other gods, but not God!

Many scholars claim camo stone island jacket that the important thing was not whom we should blame for the destruction of the library however the truth that the accumulated information of the time was without end misplaced. I’m not so sure about that. The destroyers were probably both Christians and Moslems. It’s equally important to establish their responsibility as a result of they acted underneath the affect of scientific thoughts management exercised by the identical God! The historical past information regarding the destruction of the accumulated information of the time, the library of Alexandria, must include Enlil/Yahweh as the true instigator and liable for the destruction.

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